How to Tighten a Dirt Bike Chain (Correct Adjustment and Lubricant to Use)
Tightening the chain on your dirt bike might not be the first thing you think of when looking after your dirt bike. But it is actually quite important to check and tighten your bike chain regularly. Maintaining the correct chain-tension on your bike will prevent any snapping or other damage… which can actually be severe.
There are various reasons as to why you need to tighten the chain, including the obvious reason that if you don’t, it will fall off or snap. The snapping is the serious part. You could crack your motor case or similar if your chain snaps – not cool.
Also, if the chain becomes loose it can damage and wear down your sprocket(s). Oh yeah – it could get bound up between your sprocket and motor and throw you over the handlebars… but humans heal, dirt bikes don’t. 😉
Tools to Tighten the Chain on a Dirt Bike
There are a few steps to follow to tighten your dirt bike chain correctly – the process is pretty straightforward.
The very first thing to do is wash your dirt bike. Being caked with dirt, oil, and other unwanted materials isn’t going to help anyone and it can make it a messy job. Having a clean bike chain (and bike) will help it to last longer and work better too.
Here is a list of tools (some mandatory, some not) for the job:
- Grunge Brush
- Bike Stand
- Large Crescent Wrench (or proper size wrench for your bike)
- Small-Medium Crescent Wrench (preferably just the proper size wrenches – most-likely a 12MM & 10MM)
- Chain Lube
How to Clean a Dirt Bike Chain
Ok, now we’re ready to start!
Grab your degreaser and a grunge brush (if you’ve got one). You will then need to set your bike up on a stand so that the rear wheel is entirely off the ground.
Spray down the chain with the degreaser and work away any debris with the brush. You’ll want to basically use the brush in one location and turn the rear wheel to rotate the chain all-the-way through. It make take more than one pass.
After you’ve cleaned away all of the debris on the chain, let it dry off completely and then apply the chain lube.
NOTE: Neither a wire brush or a degreaser is recommended if you have an O-ring chain.
With a clean and lubed chain, we’re ready.
Steps to Tighten a Dirt Bike Chain
Step #1 – With the large crescent wrench, loosen the nut on the axel; it can be located on either the left or the right side depending on the bike. You will need to loosen it so that it turns with no tension.
Step #2 – Take the 12MM (or whatever size you need) wrench and loosen the lock nuts, which are against the swingarm. Losen both sides.
Step #3 – With a wrench, turn the tension bolt out, until the chain feels tight enough. You will need to do the left side first because you are adjusting the chain. If you were to adjust the right side first, you would then have to make multiple adjustments later on.
Step #4 – Measure chain slack. Correct chain slack should be around 1 – 1.25 inches at the end of the chain guide. An accurate way to see if it is correct is to put 3 fingers between the chain and the swingarm, right at the end of the chain guide. The chain and swingarm should be pressing on your fingers. If this is the case the chain has been tightened properly.
Step # 5 – Repeat for right side. Once the chain has been tightened enough on the left side, you will then need to do the same on the right. There will be marks located on the axle blocks, and on the swingarm, you will need to adjust the right side, so the notch is in the same position as it is on the left. If it isn’t, it will result in the wheel not spinning straight and could damage the bike or even result in an unwanted crash.
Step #6 – Make sure everything is tightened down – lock nuts & axle nut.
Once you have finished these steps, you are ready to go.
Step #7 – Yes, technically that is all it takes to tighten a dirt bike chain, but you really need to lube it up afterwards. Keeping the chain greased is important. If you didn’t clean and lube the chain already, then just grab a good chain lubricant (this set makes it easy) and apply as described in the instructions.
Ok, now you’re done!
As outlined in a proper maintenance schedule, make sure that you are checking the bike chain over and cleaning it regularly. Also, this will ensure that no debris is in the chain, as this could cause an accident or harm the bike.
If you look after your dirt bike chain, it will result in the chain having a longer working life, and will also save you money as you won’t need to replace it as often or pay for any damages.